examples:residential_buildings:single_-_family_houses:central_europe:the_world_s_first_passive_house_darmstadt-kranichstein_germany

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examples:residential_buildings:single_-_family_houses:central_europe:the_world_s_first_passive_house_darmstadt-kranichstein_germany [2015/09/16 00:48]
wfeist [Ventilation]
examples:residential_buildings:single_-_family_houses:central_europe:the_world_s_first_passive_house_darmstadt-kranichstein_germany [2016/08/22 10:41]
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 The Passive House in Kranichstein was finished in October 1991 and has been inhabited by four families since then. The interior finish materials were selected to create as little indoor air pollution as possible. The insulating materials are airtightly separated from the interior by continuous interior plaster or vapour retarders without any gaps – as appropriate from a building physics perspective. The good air quality was confirmed by a separate investigation within the context of a social science study, which objectified user acceptance [[examples:​residential_buildings:​single_-_family_houses:​central_europe:​The world'​s first Passive House, Darmstadt-Kranichstein,​ Germany#​Literature|[Rohrmann 1994] ]]. The Passive House in Kranichstein was finished in October 1991 and has been inhabited by four families since then. The interior finish materials were selected to create as little indoor air pollution as possible. The insulating materials are airtightly separated from the interior by continuous interior plaster or vapour retarders without any gaps – as appropriate from a building physics perspective. The good air quality was confirmed by a separate investigation within the context of a social science study, which objectified user acceptance [[examples:​residential_buildings:​single_-_family_houses:​central_europe:​The world'​s first Passive House, Darmstadt-Kranichstein,​ Germany#​Literature|[Rohrmann 1994] ]].
  
-Due to particularly well-insulating and airtight sliding shutters as temporary heat protection, it was even possible to operate one of the accommodation units as a "​zero-heating-energy house" without any heating in the years 1994 to 1996 [[examples:​residential_buildings:​single_-_family_houses:​central_europe:​The world'​s first Passive House, Darmstadt-Kranichstein,​ Germany#​Literature|[Feist 1995] ]].((These shutters, however, as moving mechanical elements, have not been working flawlessly and would have needed a constant ​expemsive ​maintainance to keep them closing tightly. This was one of the reasons, why the Passive House Institute does not recommend to go a further stepp towards "zero heating energy buildings"​ as a generally used solution - but recommends the well-approved Passive House standard.)) \\+Due to particularly well-insulating and airtight sliding shutters as temporary heat protection, it was even possible to operate one of the accommodation units as a "​zero-heating-energy house" without any heating in the years 1994 to 1996 [[examples:​residential_buildings:​single_-_family_houses:​central_europe:​The world'​s first Passive House, Darmstadt-Kranichstein,​ Germany#​Literature|[Feist 1995] ]].((These shutters, however, as moving mechanical elements, have not been working flawlessly and would have needed a constant ​expensive ​maintainance to keep them closing tightly. This was one of the reasons, why the Passive House Institute does not recommend to go a further stepp towards "zero heating energy buildings"​ as a generally used solution - but recommends the well-approved Passive House standard.)) \\
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 |{{ :​picopen:​passive_house_da_section.png?​500 }}| |{{ :​picopen:​passive_house_da_section.png?​500 }}|
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 ===== Conclusion ===== ===== Conclusion =====
  
-It is pleasing that many architects, planners, product developers and property developers have applied the Passive House concept. If we can continue together to accelerate its implementation and apply our experiences for the refurbishment of existing buildings as well, then we will be able to master the task of climate protection and contribute to a fairer distribution of energy globally, as well as increase value creation in regions and thus create additional employment opportunities – and most importantly – enabling people to live a comfortable and worthwhile life in prosperity, today and in the future. Sustainable growth is possible with the Passive House - as Mark Zimmermann outlined in detail at the 9th Passive House Conference in 2005 in Ludwigshafen ([[examples:​residential_buildings:​single_-_family_houses:​central_europe:​The world'​s first Passive House, Darmstadt-Kranichstein,​ Germany#​Literature|[Zimmermann 2005] ]]).\\+It is pleasing that many architects, planners, product developers and property developers have applied the Passive House concept ​- it's made the path all around planet Earth, there are examples of Passive Houses on each continent (2015). If we can continue together to accelerate its implementation and apply our experiences for the refurbishment of existing buildings as well (what has been done using [[ Certification : EnerPHit|EnerPHit-standard]]), then we will be able to master the task of climate protection and contribute to a fairer distribution of energy globally, as well as increase value creation in regions and thus create additional employment opportunities – and most importantly – enabling people to live a comfortable and worthwhile life in prosperity, today and in the future. Sustainable growth is possible with the Passive House - as Mark Zimmermann outlined in detail at the 9th Passive House Conference in 2005 in Ludwigshafen ([[examples:​residential_buildings:​single_-_family_houses:​central_europe:​The world'​s first Passive House, Darmstadt-Kranichstein,​ Germany#​Literature|[Zimmermann 2005] ]]).\\
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 |{{ :​picopen:​balance_passive_house_kran_compared_to_calculation.png?​500 }}| |{{ :​picopen:​balance_passive_house_kran_compared_to_calculation.png?​500 }}|
 |//​**Comparison of measured energy consumption (left) with the energy balance\\ calculated by the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) for the Passive House\\ in Darmstadt-Kranichstein. For the PHPP, see: [[Planning:​calculating energy efficiency:​PHPP - the Passive House Planning Package|PHPP-Balances]].**//​|\\ |//​**Comparison of measured energy consumption (left) with the energy balance\\ calculated by the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) for the Passive House\\ in Darmstadt-Kranichstein. For the PHPP, see: [[Planning:​calculating energy efficiency:​PHPP - the Passive House Planning Package|PHPP-Balances]].**//​|\\
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-Scientists, architects, engineers and other contributors from various disciplines played a part in making the Passive House in Darmstadt-Kranichstein a success. The author would like to express thanks to all those involved. The preparation of the experimental construction was based on the results of many forerunner projects and on findings from building physics, building engineering and systematic computer-assisted systems analysis.\\+Scientists, architects, engineers and other contributors from various disciplines played a part in making the Passive House in Darmstadt-Kranichstein a success. The author would like to express thanks to all those involved. The preparation of the experimental construction was based on the results of many [[basics:​the_passive_house_-_historical_review|forerunner]] projects and on findings from building physics, building engineering and systematic computer-assisted systems analysis.\\
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